The European Union is an automaton with one function: deepening integration. As many political systems, the EU, too, is a supertanker in terms of steerability. Changing the course of policy would be extremely slow even if the political field in EU member states was to rapidly and thoroughly change.
Automaton or supertanker? It really should be either-or rather than both-and. It’s difficult to say which metaphor suits the EU best, because it’s difficult to know how much the Union is an obscure project of an invisible power elite, how much it’s the pseudodemocracy it appears.
My view based on the official facts: the EU is a supertanker, a pseudodemocracy – actually technocracy – that is so profoundly run by unelected officials that no matter who sits in the Parliament or the Commission, the political decisions are persistently prepared in an integrative spirit. According to an EU official, the people working at the European Commission generally have the impression that there’s a common European project aimed towards federation that everybody agrees on. Of course, anti-federal politicians may even be stopped from becoming Commissioners based on the Treaty of Lisbon which states that members of the Commission “shall be chosen on the ground of their […] European commitment” (Art. 17.3)!
Tune in again, I plan to write about the EU’s influence on business and the industries now that the nature of the Union has been clarified!